Handcuffed black and white photography. Law. Criminal in jail

Arrested in St. Paul? What You Should Know About the 36 and 48-Hour Rules

Minnesota law allows the police to arrest people with or without a warrant. When a person is arrested, the 36 and 48-hour rules apply, depending on the nature of the arrest and whether the person is a juvenile or an adult. Regardless of the nature of the arrest, a person cannot be held in custody for more than 48 hours unless there is a court injunction.  

Handcuffed black and white photography. Law. Criminal in jail

Table of Contents

The 36-Hour Rule

The 36-hour rule of the Criminal Procedure states that after arrest, the law enforcement agency has 36 hours to present the arrested person in court. However, the 36 hours do not include the day of arrest, Sundays, and legal holidays. This rule only applies to persons arrested without a warrant.

Since some days are not included in the 36-hour period, a person can spend more than 36 hours in custody before going to court. For instance, a person arrested on Friday evening can remain in custody until Monday noon because the day of arrest and Sunday do not count under the rule. If the following Monday is a holiday, the 36 hours extend to Tuesday noon. If the person is a juvenile, the Saturday does not count, so he or she can be held longer.

However, if there was a warrant of arrest, weekends and holidays will count. The rationale behind this stipulation is that the law enforcement agency had the choice of when to execute the warrant. If the 36-hour period expires while a person is under arrest for a misdemeanor, that individual must be released immediately.

The 48-Hour Rule

The 48-hour rule states that a person cannot be held in custody for more than 48 hours after arrest unless there is a signed complaint against him or her. The complaint is signed by a judge and makes an initial determination that there is probable cause for charging the person with an offense.

The complaint may also indicate that the court has found probable cause to detain the individual for longer than 48 hours. If there is no probable cause, the person must be released after 48 hours have expired. Under the 48-hour rule, every hour counts, meaning that weekends and public holidays are included.

Max Keller has won countless jury trial cases involving misdemeanors and felonies, sex crimes, and DWI’s. He is a member of the Minnesota Society for Criminal Justice, which only allows the top 50 criminal defense attorneys in the state as members. Max is a frequent speaker at CLE’s and is often asked for advice by other defense attorneys across Minnesota.

Years of Experience: Approx. 20 years
Minnesota Registration Status: Active
Bar & Court Admissions: State of Minnesota Minnesota State Court Minnesota Federal Court 8th Circuit Federal Court of Appeals State of Maryland

What to Do If You Have Been Charged with a Criminal Offense

Confidential informants may provide integral information to help build criminal investigations, but how reliable is that information when they are receiving payment for their services? To protect them, state law requires the identity of informants be kept confidential. For those facing criminal charges, however, this creates challenges in questioning the accuracy and validity of the information given at trial.
Stay calm and compose after getting accused of a crime but not charged in Minneapolis, MN. Do not discuss the facts of your case with anyone, including your relatives and family members. Hire a criminal defense attorney with a demonstrated record of winning cases like yours. Your attorney will discuss your rights, guide you on how to cooperate with law enforcement within the legal boundaries, and build a solid defense strategy to fight the charges you could face in the future.
Expungement and sealing of records in Minnesota affect how your criminal history appears to government agencies and the public. The main difference between the two legal actions is that expungement permanently removes past arrests, criminal charges, or convictions from private and public databases, while sealing hides the criminal record from the public. Courts, government entities, and law enforcement agencies can access sealed criminal records.