How Bad Samaritan Laws Apply to Sex Trafficking Ring Cases

Bad Samaritan laws impose a duty to help victims of sex trafficking by notifying authorities or by direct intervention, or both. These impositions are defined as “duty to report” and “duty to rescue” respectively. States began considering legislation to create these legal duties after it became clear that victims of sex trafficking were suffering in silence while their trafficker walked free.

Duty to Report and Duty to Rescue

Bad Samaritans are witnesses who refuse or fail to notify relevant authorities after witnessing at least one incident of sex trafficking. Witnesses may include law enforcement officers, healthcare providers, social service employees, and upstanding citizens. If they fail to act by reporting the abuse or attempting to rescue the victim, they are guilty of violating their state’s Bad Samaritan law.

Duty to Report

A duty to report requires anyone aware of an instance of a sex crime or human trafficking to notify the relevant authorities. He or she should then remain available and willing to cooperate with the ensuing investigation. Failure to fulfill one’s duty to report is a misdemeanor in most states and a felony in others.

Anyone charged with a failure to report may search for criminal defense lawyers for aggressive legal representation. A criminal defense lawyer who is familiar with state-specific Bad Samaritan laws can assemble sufficient evidence and present strong arguments to convince the court to drop the failure to report charges.

Duty to Rescue

A duty to rescue is the obligation of a person, such as a rescuer, who learns of an instance of human trafficking to take some sort of action. A “rescuer” is any person who through telephone or digital wireless communications aids or encourages an individual or attempts to aid or encourage an individual who is a victim of severe forms of trafficking in person. Failure to fulfill the duty to rescue may attract felony charges and imprisonment, depending on the state.

Where Do Bad Samaritan Laws Exist?

Some professionals throughout the United States have a legal duty to report injustices meted out to vulnerable populations or some injuries suffered by any person. Health care providers, for example, must report abuse and injuries to children and elderly persons from a variety of violent acts, including stabs and gunshots. A total of have 13 states have Bad Samaritan laws; California, Washington, Alaska, Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Florida, Vermont, Wisconsin, Hawaii, Colorado, Ohio, Texas, and Minnesota.

Max Keller has won countless jury trial cases involving misdemeanors and felonies, sex crimes, and DWI’s. He is a member of the Minnesota Society for Criminal Justice, which only allows the top 50 criminal defense attorneys in the state as members. Max is a frequent speaker at CLE’s and is often asked for advice by other defense attorneys across Minnesota.

Years of Experience: Approx. 20 years
Minnesota Registration Status: Active
Bar & Court Admissions: State of Minnesota Minnesota State Court Minnesota Federal Court 8th Circuit Federal Court of Appeals State of Maryland

What to Do If You Have Been Charged with a Criminal Offense

One of the questions people facing a criminal charge ask is: How long does a criminal case take? The timeline of your criminal case in Minnesota will depend on the nature and severity of the alleged crime, the speed of the criminal justice system, the duration of the trial, and whether an appeal will be necessary. Delays at any stage of the criminal justice process may impact how long your criminal case will last. Generally, however, misdemeanor cases may resolve within weeks or months, while felony cases may linger in courts for up to a year.
People accused, arrested, or charged with a crime often ask, “How much does a criminal defense lawyer cost in Minneapolis, MN?” It is difficult to accurately determine how much a criminal defense lawyer will cost. The reason is that numerous factors impact the cost of legal representation in criminal matters. These factors include the type and severity of criminal charges, the lawyer’s experience and reputation, required time and effort, and geographical location.
Social media can have legal implications, particularly when it comes to criminal cases. Since its advent, social media has become a powerful tool for communication and self-expression. As of 2023, an estimated 4.9 billion people worldwide use social media platforms such as Facebook and Instagram to share thoughts, experiences, and moments from their lives. However, in this digital age, social media activity can be used as evidence in criminal cases in Minneapolis and elsewhere.