A guy's hand carrying a gun and trying to load it with a slug.

What You Should Know About Gun Carry Laws in Minnesota

Minnesota gun laws operate on a shall-issue policy with required permits for carrying open and concealed weapons.

A guy's hand carrying a gun and trying to load it with a slug.

Table of Contents

Understanding Minnesota Gun Laws

Minnesota gun laws have clearly outlined regulations that must be followed for carrying firearms. Minnesota is considered a “shall issue” state that issues gun permits to both state and non-state residents under required conditions. Minnesota also honors gun permits from residents of 15 other states including Alaska, Delaware, Illinois, and Michigan.

Minnesota CCW Permits

Minnesota gun laws have strict requirements for issuing gun permits to all individuals whether state residents or non-residents. If approved, permits are good for 5 years from the date of issue. Applicant requirements:

  • Must be at least 21 years old
  • Must complete an application and all required forms
  • Must provide a certificate of completed authorized firearms training
  • Must not be prohibited under Minnesota law from firearm possession
  • Must not be listed in the criminal gang investigation system
  • Minnesota residents must apply in their county of residence

Permits are not required for transporting a firearm or keeping a firearm in a private residence or place of business. As a Castle Doctrine state, Minnesota supports people’s rights to protect against bodily harm or death in their private residence. Under the law, a person has no duty to retreat before using deadly force for self-defense in his/her own home. However, defendants may face charges for accidentally shooting someone in Minnesota.

Open and Concealed Carry Laws

Open carry of a firearm is legal in Minnesota with an issued permit. The law does not stipulate whether the firearm must be concealed. Concealed carry is legal with a permit to carry a pistol. Concealed carry permits are only valid for handguns and do not apply to rifles, shotguns, or automatic weapons.

In Minnesota, it is legal to carry a concealed handgun in a vehicle with a proper permit and license. If the gun is not licensed, it must be unloaded and concealed in the vehicle’s trunk or a closed and fastened gun case.

If stopped by law enforcement for a traffic offense or other violation, a person is not required by law to inform the police officer that he/she is carrying a concealed weapon. However, if arrested for a crime with a firearm, defense through a Minnesota criminal law attorney is necessary. Criminal acts that involved firearms carry stiff penalties and jail time in Minnesota. In many cases, a weapons charge will increase the severity of any other charges.

Max Keller has won countless jury trial cases involving misdemeanors and felonies, sex crimes, and DWI’s. He is a member of the Minnesota Society for Criminal Justice, which only allows the top 50 criminal defense attorneys in the state as members. Max is a frequent speaker at CLE’s and is often asked for advice by other defense attorneys across Minnesota.

Years of Experience: Approx. 20 years
Minnesota Registration Status: Active
Bar & Court Admissions: State of Minnesota Minnesota State Court Minnesota Federal Court 8th Circuit Federal Court of Appeals State of Maryland

What to Do If You Have Been Charged with a Criminal Offense

Confidential informants may provide integral information to help build criminal investigations, but how reliable is that information when they are receiving payment for their services? To protect them, state law requires the identity of informants be kept confidential. For those facing criminal charges, however, this creates challenges in questioning the accuracy and validity of the information given at trial.
Stay calm and compose after getting accused of a crime but not charged in Minneapolis, MN. Do not discuss the facts of your case with anyone, including your relatives and family members. Hire a criminal defense attorney with a demonstrated record of winning cases like yours. Your attorney will discuss your rights, guide you on how to cooperate with law enforcement within the legal boundaries, and build a solid defense strategy to fight the charges you could face in the future.
Expungement and sealing of records in Minnesota affect how your criminal history appears to government agencies and the public. The main difference between the two legal actions is that expungement permanently removes past arrests, criminal charges, or convictions from private and public databases, while sealing hides the criminal record from the public. Courts, government entities, and law enforcement agencies can access sealed criminal records.