Minnesota Agrees to Lighter Drug Crime Sentencing

Drug offenders in Minnesota will soon face lighter penalties if convicted, thanks to a compromise that was recently reached after lengthy deliberation between law enforcement officials, lawmakers and criminal defense attorneys. The state commission’s plan to offer more leniency in drug crime sentencing, particularly to first time offenders and those convicted of less serious charges, will be included in a bill that is now sitting before the Senate’s rules committee.

Under Minnesota’s current drug crime laws, ordinary drug offenders including those who are found with trace amounts, are typically treated like hardened criminals. They frequently spend years behind bars without being given the opportunity to focus on treatment options for their addiction. Under the new guidelines, however, offenders who are convicted of lesser-degree drug charges will face lighter penalties that could enable them to seek treatment.

A few highlights of the proposal include:

  • Drug offenders who are convicted for the first time for the lowest degree of drug possession will now be guilty of gross misdemeanors instead of felonies.
  • While the threshold for a charge of first degree possession of marijuana will be reduced from 100 kilograms to just 50 kilograms, the amount of harder drugs (methamphetamine or cocaine) required to trigger a first degree possession charge will be increased to 50 grams- up from 25. (Heroin possession would remain at 25 grams.)
  • Sentences for drug dealers who possess or sell larger quantities of drugs, commonly referred to as “kingpin” dealers, would become mandatory, forcing those convicted to spend more time behind bars.
  • Drug offenders who are found to be in possession of guns or acting on behalf of a gang will face harsher penalties.
  • Mandatory sentences for those who are convicted of lesser degree drug crimes would be eliminated, allowing judges to order probation or send individuals to diversion programs instead of jail.
  • According to Senate Judiciary Committee Chair Ron Latz, the proposed changes could have a significant effect on overcrowded prisons in Minnesota, possibly freeing up an estimated 600 prison beds.

An overhaul of Minnesota’s drug crime laws is long overdue, and the subject has been debated by lawmakers for decades. The proposed changes could be just what the community needs to help drug addicts seek treatment while ensuring that repeat offenders and those convicted of more serious drug crimes receive harsher sentencing.

He has won jury trial cases in misdemeanor and felony cases and in DWI’s and non-DWI’s. He is a member of the Minnesota Society for Criminal Justice, which only allows the top 50 criminal defense attorneys in the state as members. He is a frequent speaker at CLE’s and is often asked for advice by other defense attorneys across Minnesota.

What to Do If You Have Been Charged with a Criminal Offense

People facing criminal charges in Minnesota often ask, “Can you defend yourself in court?” You can represent yourself in court when charged with a crime. Self-representation, however, is not typically in the accused's best interests, even if courts allow it.
Parents whose children have been arrested or accused of committing a heinous crime might wonder, “Can a minor be charged with a felony?” A minor aged 14 years or older but below 18 years may face felony charges in Minnesota.
People accused of or under investigation for assault might ask, “What are the charges for assault?” Minnesota has five levels of assault charges. First-degree assault is the most serious offense, and a conviction often results in the most severe penalties, like long prison time and hefty fines.