When Teen-agers Are Charged With Statutory Rape

When individuals engage in sexual activity with children who are under the age of consent, they can be convicted of statutory rape. In Minnesota, the age of consent for sexual activity is in most cases is 16. Many adolescents who have participated in sexual activity have been charged and convicted of a sexual offense and faced punishments as severe as adult sex offenders might.

The Penalties of Statutory Rape

A statutory rape conviction can be life changing for a teenager in Minnesota. This type of conduct can be charged as one of three offenses and carries the following possible penalties.

  • First Degree Sexual Conduct: When sexual penetration has occurred, statutory rape can be punished very severely. The offender faces up to 30 years in prison and up to $40,000 in fines.
  • Second Degree Sexual Conduct: When there is no penetration, but the activity was with a child under the age of 13 and the defendant is at least three years older, or with a child between 13 and 16 when the defendant is at least four years older and in a position of authority, it is considered second degree sexual conduct. The offender faces fines of up to $35,000 and up to 25 years in prison.
  • Third Degree Sexual Conduct: Engaging in penetration with a child under 13 when the defendant is less than three years older, with a child between 13 and 16 when the defendant is more than two years older, or with a child between 16 and 18 when the defendant is a person of authority is criminal sexual conduct in the third degree. It is punishable by up to $15,000 in fines and 15 years in prison.
  • Fourth Degree Sexual Conduct: When there is no penetration and the child is under 13 with a defendant less than three years older, a child between 13 and 16 with a defendant more than four years older, or between 13 and 18 with a person of authority, it is fourth degree sexual conduct. A conviction can result in up to 10 years behind bars and $20,000 in fines.

Any conviction of criminal sexual conduct will require that the individual register as a sex offender.

Romeo and Juliet Exception

Under the Romeo and Juliet exception in Minnesota, individuals less than two years older than a child between 13 and 16 cannot be prosecuted for statutory rape. If there is no penetration, the allowable age difference is four years.

Max Keller has won countless jury trial cases involving misdemeanors and felonies, sex crimes, and DWI’s. He is a member of the Minnesota Society for Criminal Justice, which only allows the top 50 criminal defense attorneys in the state as members. Max is a frequent speaker at CLE’s and is often asked for advice by other defense attorneys across Minnesota.

Years of Experience: Approx. 20 years
Minnesota Registration Status: Active
Bar & Court Admissions: State of Minnesota Minnesota State Court Minnesota Federal Court 8th Circuit Federal Court of Appeals State of Maryland

What to Do If You Have Been Charged with a Criminal Offense

One of the questions people facing a criminal charge ask is: How long does a criminal case take? The timeline of your criminal case in Minnesota will depend on the nature and severity of the alleged crime, the speed of the criminal justice system, the duration of the trial, and whether an appeal will be necessary. Delays at any stage of the criminal justice process may impact how long your criminal case will last. Generally, however, misdemeanor cases may resolve within weeks or months, while felony cases may linger in courts for up to a year.
People accused, arrested, or charged with a crime often ask, “How much does a criminal defense lawyer cost in Minneapolis, MN?” It is difficult to accurately determine how much a criminal defense lawyer will cost. The reason is that numerous factors impact the cost of legal representation in criminal matters. These factors include the type and severity of criminal charges, the lawyer’s experience and reputation, required time and effort, and geographical location.
Social media can have legal implications, particularly when it comes to criminal cases. Since its advent, social media has become a powerful tool for communication and self-expression. As of 2023, an estimated 4.9 billion people worldwide use social media platforms such as Facebook and Instagram to share thoughts, experiences, and moments from their lives. However, in this digital age, social media activity can be used as evidence in criminal cases in Minneapolis and elsewhere.